Gen Z not ready to eat cultured meat
Generation Z are the new kids on the block. As a cohort of five million people born between 1995 and 2015 , they’re consumers to be reckoned with, often viewing new innovations with mistrust. After conducting an online survey, researchers from the University of Sydney and Curtin University found that, despite having a great concern for the environment and animal welfare, 72 percent of Generation Z were not ready to accept cultured meat – a lab-grown meat alternative produced by in-vitro cell cultures of animal cells.
“Our research has found that Generation Z are not ready to accept cultured meat; they view it with disgust,” says the study’s lead researcher, Dr Diana Bogueva.
“In-vitro meat and other alternatives can help to reduce greenhouse emissions and lead to better animal welfare conditions. But if cultured meat is to replace livestock-based proteins, it will have to emotionally and intellectually appeal to Gen Z consumers.”
Gen Z’s concerns
The survey participants had several concerns relating to cultured meat, including an anticipated disgust, health and safety, and whether it’s a more sustainable option.
Societal concerns were also prevalent. A large number of respondents were worried that eating cultured meat would be in conflict with perceptions of gender and national identity.
“Gen Z value Australia’s reputation as a supplier of quality meat,” Dr Bogueva says. “Many view meat-eating as being closely tied to concepts of masculinity and cultural identity.”
Others viewed cultured meat as a conspiracy orchestrated by the rich and powerful and were determined not to be convinced to consume it.
“Generation Z is also unsure whether cultured meat is actually more environmentally sustainable” says Dr Bogueva. “It was described by several respondents as potentially ‘resource consuming’ and not being environmentally friendly.”
The respondents were effectively divided into two groups. The “against” described cultured meat as “another thing our generation has to worry about” and questioned the motivations of those developing it. Supporters described it as “money invested for a good cause” and “a smart move” by people who are “advanced thinkers”.
“This generation has vast information at its fingertips but is still concerned that they will be left with the legacy of exploitative capitalism that benefits only a few at the expense of many,” says Dr Bogueva. “They have witnessed such behaviour resulting in climate change and are now afraid that a similar scenario may develop in relation to food, particularly as investors are pursuing broader adoption of cultured meat.”
Gen Z’s five main attitudes towards cultured meat:
1. 17 percent of respondents rejected all alternatives, including lab-grown meat, seeing it as chemically produced and heavily processed.
2. 11 percent rejected all alternatives in favour of increased consumption of fruit and vegetables, saying they will stick with a vegetarian diet.
3. 35 percent rejected lab-grown meat and edible insects but accepted plant-based alternatives because they “sounded more natural” and are “normal”.
4. 28 percent believed lab-grown meat was acceptable or possibly acceptable if the technology could be mastered.
5. 9 percent accepted insects but rejected lab-grown meat as too artificial and not natural.